Entada rheedii

Primary tabs

Entada rheedii

Description

Woody climber, at least 120 m long. Leaves: Inflorescence: Flowers sessile or subsessile, pentamerous, male or bisexual. Petals white, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, acute, eglandular, 2.8-3 mm. Stamens white turning yellow, 5-6.5 mm. Ovary 1-1.5 mm, glabrous, stipe 0.5 mm. Seeds brown, subcircular, flat, 3.5-4 by 1 cm.

Distribution

Africa present, Alor present, Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Lesser Sunda Is. present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Maluku (Maluku present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present), Australasia, Flores present, Lombok present, Luzon present, Mascarene Islands present, Mindanao present, Sumbawa present, Timor present, Wetar present, a small part of the Pacific present, tropical Asia present
Africa, Mascarene Islands, tropical Asia, Australia and a small part of the Pacific; in Malesia: Malay Peninsula, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao), Lesser Sunda Islands (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor, Alor), Moluccas (Wetar), New Guinea. — .

Uses

Cultivated in the Malay Peninsula [cf. Burkill, Diet. (1935) 940 sub Entada phaseoloides]. The saponin content is considerable in bark and seeds []. Used as a substitute for soap [; see also ] Readily grown from cuttings.

Notes

Closely related to E. phaseoloides, but distinct by 3 or 4 (or 5) pairs of leaflets per pinna, a woody, tough endocarp and slightly less asymmetric terminal leaflets. A sterile specimen from Celebes, Koorders 17662, has densely puberulous rachis and pinnae.

Citation

DC. - in Fl. Camb. Laos Vietnam. 1981: pl. 3,2-6
Ridley - in Fl. Mai. Pen. 1922: 654
auct. non (L.) Merr.: Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. 1923: 252
DC., Mem. Leg. 1826: 422
Nielsen - in Adansonia. 1980: 343
Nielsen - in Fl. Thailand. 1985: f. 3: 2-6
Craib - in Fl. Siam. Enum. 1928: 543
DC., Mem. Leg. 1826: 421
Verdc., Manual New Guin. Legum. 1979: 135
Backer & Bakh. f. - in Fl. Java. 1963: 564