Dendropanax borneensis

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Dendropanax borneensis


Slender shrub or small tree, with few or no branches, occasionally prostrate or subscandent, sometimes reaching 5-6 m. Leaves dispersed along the shoots; Flowers sexually dimorphic, males predominate in lateral umbellules. Petals triangular, c. 2.5 mm long. Stamens 5. Ovary 4-6-celled, reduced in male flowers; Fruit globose or ellipsoid, succulent, 4-6-ribbed when dry, 5-10 by 6-12 mm, crowned by the persistent spreading styles.


Asia-Tropical: Borneo (Brunei present, Sabah present, Sarawak present), Kalabit Highlands present, Mt Kinabalu present, Mt Murut present, Mts Goh Lembuh present, N. Sumatra present, Pagon Ridge present, Pinto present, northern Borneo present
Malesia: N. Sumatra (Mts Goh Lembuh and Pinto) and northern Borneo (Sabah: Mt Kinabalu; Brunei: Pagon Ridge; Sarawak: Mt Murut and Kalabit Highlands).


Flower greenish or cream, fruit black.
This species exhibits considerable variation in size and shape of leaf, inflorescence and fruit, and also in venation pattern, but these variations are not correlated with geographical distribution. Specimens from the two Sumatran localities have small fruits and leaves, but similar specimens occur in Borneo. The presence of pellucid glands between the reticulations of the veins of the lamina distinguishes this species from the other two species in the area.