Aralia bipinnata

Primary tabs

Aralia bipinnata


A shrub or small, sparsely branched tree to 7 m, with prickly stems. Leaves to 1.5 m or more long, forming large crowns at the ends of the branches, bipinnate, with a pair of pinnae at each division of the rachis, with some prickles, especially on the petiole or unarmed, the rachis swollen and articulated at the nodes; Inflorescence a large terminal panicle 30-70 cm long (or more), peduncle and also usually the main branches prickly, the whole either almost glabrous or pubescent; Fruit spheroidal, c. 3 by 4 mm, strongly 5-ribbed when dry, persistent styles spreading.


Asia-Temperate: Taiwan (Taiwan present), Asia-Tropical: Philippines (Philippines present), Leyte present, Luzon present, Mindanao present, Mindoro present, Negros present, Swart Valley, Vogelkop Peninsula present, West New Guinea present
Taiwan; in Malesia: Philippines (Luzon, Leyte, Negros, Mindoro, Mindanao) and West New Guinea (Vogelkop Peninsula, possibly also in Swart Valley).


Van Steenis l.c. discussed the variability in pubescence and the development of spines.


Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 236
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat. p 751
Merr. 1918: Sp. Blanc. p 294
Vedal 1885: Phan. Cuming. Philip. p 117
F.-Vill. 1880: Nov. App. p 101
Harms 1896 – In: Bot. Jahrb. p 18
Presl 1886: Rev. Pl. Vase. Filip. p 144
Philipson 1977 – In: Gard. Bull. Sing. p 99
Presl 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 235
Steen. 1948 – In: Bull. Bot. Gard. Btzg. p 392
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 235
Blanco 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 235
Merr. 1910 – In: Philip. J. Sc. Bot. 369