Aglaia euryanthera

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Aglaia euryanthera


Small tree 6–12 m high, with a narrowly spreading crown; bole up to 30 cm in cir- cumference. Inner bark green; sapwood pale yellow, fibrous, with a strong odour. Leaves 15–49 cm long, 20–46 cm wide; petiole (3–)4–13 cm, petiole, rachis and petiolules densely covered with scales like those on the twigs. Inflorescence 7–18 cm long and 5–28 cm wide; peduncle 1–3 cm, with scales like those on the twigs. Flower 2–4 mm long, 1.5–4 mm wide; pedicels 1–3 mm, pedicel and calyx with few to densely covered with scales like those on the twigs. Petals 5 (or 6). Staminal tube 1.5–2.5 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, deeply cup–shaped, anthers 5, 0.7–1.2 mm long and 0.5–0.8 mm wide, ovoid, inserted on the margin of the tube, the outer surface of the anther continuous with the outer surface of the tube, densely covered with simple yellow hairs along the margins of the anthers with pale yellow simple or stellate hairs on the lower part of the staminal tube inside. Fruits 1.3–3.2 cm long, 1.4–2 cm wide, subglobose or narrowly ellipsoid and narrowed to a short stipe c. 5 mm long, orange, orange–brown or yellow densely covered with scales like those on the twigs on the outside; pericarp thin; fruitstalks c. 1 cm. Seed c. 2.5 cm long, 1 cm wide and 1 cm thick, surrounded by a thin dark translucent aril; testa brown or black.


Asia-Tropical: New Guinea present, Queensland: Cape York Peninsula present
Australia (Queensland: Cape York Peninsula); Malesia: New Guinea


Aglaia euryanthera is variable in the structure and distribution of the indu- mentum. The scales are usually mainly large and dark purple, but there may be some pale stellate scales interspersed and these are sometimes numerous on the lower leaflet surface. The leaves are often pale green above when dry. The leaves and leaflet indu- mentum of A. euryanthera resemble those of A. sapindina, but the proportion of purple peltate scales on the midrib on the lower surface of the leaflets is usually greater in A. euryanthera than in A. sapindina, from which it is distinguished by the structure of the staminal tube. Aglaia sapindina always has stellate scales on the inflorescence and in- fructescence whereas A. euryanthera has peltate scales.


Pannell 1992: p. 253. – In: Kew Bull., Add. Ser. f. 72.