Aglaia leucophylla

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Aglaia leucophylla


Tree up to 20 m, sometimes flowering when 1.5 m high. Outer bark smooth, grey, brown or greyish- brown; inner bark pale yellow; sapwood reddish-brown or white; latex white. Leaves imparipinnate, up to 80 cm long and 50 cm wide; petiole up to 22 cm, petiole, rachis and petiolules with few to densely covered with scales like those on the twigs. Petals 5. Petals 5. Staminal tube up to 0.9 mm long, shorter than the corolla, usually subglobose sometimes obovoid, the aperture c. 0.3 mm across and shallowly 5–lobed; anthers 5(–7), half to as long as the tube, broadly ovoid, inserted near the base or in the upper half of the tube, curved and just protruding through the aperture, with a few simple hairs which sometimes fill the aperture. Staminal tube up to 2 mm long and wide, depressed globose or obovoid, with a few hairs inside; aperture c. 0.5 mm; anthers 7, c. 0.7 mm long and 0.5 mm wide with pale margins and tufts of hairs at the apices, inserted near the apex of the tube and protruding. Fruits up to 4.5 cm in diam., usually pyriform, sometimes subglobose, sometimes with a beak and narrowed at the base to a stipe c. 5 mm long, usually with a thick, hard, woody peri- carp, sometimes the pericarp thin and brittle, yellow or brown, densely covered with golden brown or pale brown stellate hairs or scales. Seed c. 2.3 cm long and 1 cm wide; aril white or red, edible, sweet or sour; testa brown.


Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), S Thailand present
S Thailand; Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Celebes


The leaflets of Aglaia leucophylla are pale green or yellowish-green when dry. The small stellate scales on the lower surface are often deciduous, leaving minute pits where they were attached. Aglaia leucophylla resembles A. edulis, but is distinguished from it by the more numerous scales on the lower leaflet surface and the pear-shaped fruits. Aglaia edulis has a subglobose, 3–locular fruit, although sometimes only one seed develops. The fruit of A. leucophylla is occasionally subglobose in, for example, the Philippines, with 2 lo- cules, each of which contains one seed.


Boles are used for house-poles (Borneo: Tumbang Tubus).


Airy Shaw 1949: Kew Bull. 166.
Ridley 1922 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. 410.
Pannell 1989 – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. p 218
Ridley 1922 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. p 403
Pannell 1992 – In: Kew Bull., Add. Ser. 226.