Aglaia perviridis

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Aglaia perviridis


Tree up to 12(–25) m. Leaves up to 54 cm long; peduncle up to 10 cm, peti- ole, rachis and petiolules with few to numerous scales like those on the twigs. Inflorescence up to 35 cm long and 24 cm wide; peduncle up to 12 cm, peduncle, rachis and branches with few to numerous scales like those on the twigs, but usually with a fimbriate margin. Flowers with few or no scales on the calyx and pedicel. Flower 1.2–2.3 mm long, 1.2–1.8 mm wide, ellipsoid, pedicel 0.5–1 mm, pedicel and calyx without or with occasional hairs or scales. Petals 5. Staminal tube 1–2 mm long, 0.8–1.8 mm wide, aperture 0.4–1 mm across, the margin shallow– ly lobed, anthers 5, inserted near the base or about half way up the tube, included or just protruding through the aperture. Fruits few, up to 3 cm long and 1.7 cm wide, asymmet– rically ellipsoid with one side flat or slightly concave, yellow or brown, with a thin brittle pericarp which is densely covered with scales like those on the twigs or paler scales or occasionally reddish–brown stellate scales on the outside, inner surface smooth and shiny; locule 1, containing one seed. Seed up to 2.7 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, com- pletely surrounded by an aril, the aril thin, papery and dark reddish–brown when dry and with a network of veins, the shrunken seed within completely separate from the aril and up to 1.6 cm long and 1 cm wide.


Andaman Islands present, Asia-Temperate, Asia-Tropical: Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); East Himalaya (Bhutan present); India present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Thailand (Thailand present)
India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Andaman Islands, China, Thailand; MalesiaPeninsular Malaysia


Aglaia perviridis has 11–13 usually markedly ovate leaflets, the upper and lower surfaces of which are pitted and the midrib and lateral veins are reddish–brown when dry. The fruit is 1–locular and of a characteristic asymmetrically ovoid shape. Aglaia perviridis resembles A. leptantha and A. silvestris. The ovary and fruit of A. leptantha have two locules; the pericarp appears to be softer and it dries moulded around the seeds, whereas in A. perviridis the dry seed contracts within the pericarp, which is brittle and retains its shape. Aglaia silvestris differs from A. perviridis in leaflet shape, in having a staminal tube with narrow, entire aperture and in its fruit which is frequently obreniform in shape and has 1, 2 or 3 locules.


Timber hard; fruit eaten by the Sakais .


Ridley 1922 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. 404.
Pannell 1992 – In: Kew Bull., Add. Ser. 198.