Balanophoraceae

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Balanophoraceae

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Stigma>Stigma number

1 or 21
1. 004-001-001-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Stigma

stigmas .2
2. 004-001-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Shape

peltate and usually hexagonal or strongly reduced, inconspicuous to absent3
3. 003-001-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Texture

scaly4
4. 003-001-001

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens with anthers united into a synandrium,5
5. 004-001

<Habit>Colour

Yellowish, reddish, or brownish6
6. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Bracts

bracts , .7
7. 003-001

Description

Yellowish, reddish, or brownish root parasites, destitute of chlorophyll, emerging from tuberous or rhizomatous underground structures, which are in contact with the host root. Leaves scale-like, alternate, conspicuous and numerous, or basal, small and hidden in the litter. Inflorescences spadix-like, apparently unbranched; bracts scaly, peltate and usually hexagonal or strongly reduced, inconspicuous to absent. Flowers actinomorphic, trimerous, monocyclic, unisexual, monoecious or dioecious; stamens with anthers united into a synandrium, stigmas 1 or 2. Fruit a small achene with one embryo.

Distribution

Guianas present, subtropical present, throughout the tropics present
18 genera with 43 species, throughout the tropics, a few subtropical. 2 genera with one species each in the Guianas.

Flowers

Flowers actinomorphic, trimerous, monocyclic, unisexual, monoecious or dioecious;8
8. 004

Fruits

Fruit a small achene with one embryo.9
9. 005

Habit

root parasites, destitute of chlorophyll, emerging from tuberous or rhizomatous underground structures, which are in contact with the host root.10
10. 001

Individuals Association

Andersson 1125 Suriname, Schulz, J.P. LBB 10287 Suriname, Maguire, B. 40794 Guyana, Ward, R.D. 8629 Granville, J.J. et al. 7551 Suriname, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2.863 Jacquemin, H. 1618 Guyana, McDowell, T. et al. 4426 Suriname, Wullschlagel, H.R. s.n. Sastre, C. 1635 Suriname, Stahel, G. 803 Guyana, Sandwith, N.Y. 620 Suriname, Stahel, G. 4659 Oldeman, R.A.A. 1141 Suriname, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2942 Guyana, Cremers, G. 7895 Granville, J.J. et al. 6401 Suriname, Maas, P.J.M. LBB 11086 Guyana, Feuillet, C. 1326 Suriname, Jonker, A.M.E. Verhoef & F.P. Jonker 443 Suriname, Daniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 1277 Maas, P.J.M. 2180 Granville, J.J. de 2164 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 1852 Guyana, Sastre, C. 4346 Granville, J.J. et al. 8814 Suriname, Daniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 1134 Suriname, Kegel, H. 607 Halle, F. 1100 Suriname, Daniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 733 Suriname, Splitgerber, F.L. 728 Oldeman, R.A.A. 1199 Halle, F. 636 Broadway, W.E. 799 Guyana, Gillespie, L. et al. 1805 Granville, J.J. et al. 8923 Guyana, Cowan, R.S. & T. Soderstrom 2005 Guyana, Cremers, G. 6080 Guyana, Maguire, B. 23524 Granville, J.J. de C-72 Suriname, Kramer, K.U. & W.H.A. Hekking 2478 Suriname, Teunissen, P. LBB 12951 Suriname, Maguire, B. 40733 Guyana, Feuillet, C. 1020 Suriname, Cowan, R.S. & J.C. Lindeman 39116 Guyana, Martyn 269 Suriname, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2545 Schnell, R. 12239 Richard, L.C. s.n. Guyana, For. Dept. British Guiana 6170 Guyana, For. Dept. British Guiana 6353 Guyana, Cremers, G. 7589 Guyana, Schomburgk s.n. Hahn, W. 3535 Suriname, Prance, G.T. et al. 55899 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 734 Suriname, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2604 Granville, J.J. et al. 3514 Guyana, Boom, B. et al. 7487

Inflorescences

Inflorescences spadix-like, apparently unbranched;11
11. 003

Leaves

Leaves scale-like, alternate, conspicuous and numerous, or basal, small and hidden in the litter.12
12. 002