Horsfieldia carnosa

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Horsfieldia carnosa


Tree 4-10 m. Leaves chartaceous-coriaceous, rarely ± membranous, (elliptic-)oblong, 13-35 by 5-11 cm, base long- or sometimes short-attenuate, apex acute-acuminate; Inflorescences with dense to sparse hairs 0.1 mm or less; Fruits 2-11 per infructescence, ellipsoid, 1.6-2 by 1.2-1.5 cm, glabrous, drying brown, the surface finely granulated;


Asia-Tropical: Borneo present (Brunei present, Sabah present, Sarawak present), Mt Klam present, W Kalimantan present
Malesia: Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah; W Kalimantan: Mt Klam).


Horsfsieldia carnosa is a well-characterized species, a small tree of kerangas or peat swamp forest, on white sandy soils. It is distantly related to H. glabra, which is distinguished by a less stout habit, dark twigs, bark not tending to flake, smaller and usually membranous leaves, globose male flowers, pedicels ± articulated, globose or ellipsoid androecium with short androphore, and somewhat longer, not densely clustered fruits, 1.8-2.4 cm long.


Merr. 1921: Enum. Born.: 268
J. Sinclair 1975 – In: Gard. Bull. Sing.: 21
W. J. de Wilde: p. 222. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing.: f. 26
Warb. 2000 – In: Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak: 364