Eremolepidaceae

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Eremolepidaceae

<<Fruits>Seeds>Endosperm colour

whitish1
1. 006-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Flowers>Perianth segment number

2 or 32
2. 005-001-001

<<Inflorescences>Flowers>Stamen number

2-43
3. 004-001-001

<Fruits>Seed number

1-seeded4
4. 006-001

<Fruits>Seeds

seed with abundant, endosperm.5
5. 006-002

<Habit>Primary haustoria

primary haustorium often becoming large and saddle-like.6
6. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Flowers

flowers pedicellate or sessile, apetalous in male Antidaphne only, where with central glandular disk and stamens.7 flowers with minute, caducous perianth segments.8
7. 004-001, 8. 005-001

Description

Semiparasitic mistletoes on branches of shrubs and trees, some with epicortical roots at base of plant, primary haustorium often becoming large and saddle-like. Leaves alternate, simple, short-petiolate to nearly sessile, expanded or scale-like and peltate. Dioecious or monoecious. Inflorescences spikes or catkin-like racemes; flowers pedicellate or sessile, apetalous in male Antidaphne only, where with central glandular disk and 2-4 stamens. Female and bisexual inflorescences spicate; flowers with 2 or 3 minute, caducous perianth segments. Fruit a small, 1-seeded berry; seed with abundant, whitish endosperm.

Distribution

Greater Antilles present, Guianas present, Northern America: Mexico Southwest (Oaxaca present), northern Argentina present, southern Chile present
A strictly American family ranging from Oaxaca in Mexico to northern Argentina and southern Chile, as well as the Greater Antilles, with 3 small genera totalling perhaps 12 species; in the Guianas 1 species.

Fruits

Fruit a small, berry;9
9. 006

Habit

Semiparasitic mistletoes on branches of shrubs and trees, some with epicortical roots at base of plant,10
10. 001

Individuals Association

Guyana, Pipoly, J.J., et al. 10686

Inflorescences

Inflorescences spikes or catkin-like racemes;11 Female and bisexual inflorescences spicate;12
11. 004, 12. 005

Leaves

Leaves alternate, simple, short-petiolate to nearly sessile, expanded or scale-like and peltate.13
13. 002

Notes

In addition to the genus here included, it is conceivable that Eubrachion gracile Kuijt occurs in the mid-western portion of Guyana, at elevations between 1400 and 2300 m. It is a slender, erect, squamate, monoecious mistletoe with small, cone-like inflorescences. It appears to be a Venezuelan endemic known mostly from the Auyan-tepui area about 100 km W of the Guyana border.

Plant sexuality

Dioecious or monoecious.14
14. 003