Leretia cordata

Primary tabs

Leretia cordata

Description

Liana (or sometimes a shrub or small tree); young branches shortly appressed-pubescent, soon glabrescent and rugose, older branches with brown corky bark. Petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long, usually twisted, strigose-pubescent below, soon becoming glabrate and corky; blades chartaceous to coriaceous, ovate-oblong to oblong or elliptic, 10-20(-30) x 3-7(-12) cm, sparsely pubescent when young, glabrate, apex acute, sometimes obtuse or rounded and apiculate to acuminate, base acute to obtuse; primary vein slightly impressed above, prominent, strigose-pubescent beneath, secondary veins 6-8 on each side, prominent on both sides, arcuate, anastomosing near margin, veinlets prominent on both sides, forming a dense reticulum. Inflorescence 15 x 10 cm, densely golden strigose; pedicels 1-4 mm long, bracts and bractoles ovate, acute, strigose-pubescent, 1 mm long; calyx patelliform, 2 mm in diam., lobes ovate, acute, 0.5 mm long, strigose; petals white, lanceolate or oblong, ca. 5 x 2 mm, short strigose outside, lanate-villose inside except glabrous base, apex inflexed; stamens about 4 mm long, filaments slender, anthers 1 mm long; ovary 2 mm long, style 2-2.5 mm long, often curved, stigma capitate, rudimentary styles minute. Drupe to 3 x 5 cm, pericarp dark purple, hirsute when young and becoming glabrous outside, with conspicuous venation, sparsely pubescent inside, endocarp thin.

Distribution

Guianas present, Southern America: Colombia (Colombia present); Ecuador (Ecuador present); Panamá (Panamá present); Peru (Peru present); Venezuela (Venezuela present)
Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil. 35 collections studied (GU: 4; SU: 18; FG 12).

Citation

Veil. 1831 – In: Ic.: tab. 2
Miers 1859 – In: Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.: 364

Notes

Some collectors mention large tuberous roots to 10 kg in weight as are also known from species of the related genus Casimirella.