Ficus microcarpa

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Ficus microcarpa

Description

Tree up to 30 m tall or shrub, hemi-epiphytic or (secondarily?) terrestrial, with copious aerial roots on the branches. internal hairs present, white, abundant to sparse or absent. Leaves spirally arranged; stipules 0.5-1(-1.5) cm long, often ± involute when dry, glabrous (or minutely white puberulous), caducous. Ovary partly (or entirely) red.

Distribution

Alor: present Ambon: present Asia-Temperate: Asia-Tropical:, Borneopresent; Indiapresent; Jawa (Jawapresent); Lesser Sunda Is.present (Balipresent); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysiapresent); Maluku (Malukupresent); New Guineapresent; Philippines (Philippinespresent); Sri Lanka (Sri Lankapresent); Sulawesi (Sulawesipresent); Sumatera (Sumaterapresent); Thailand (Thailandpresent) Australasia:, Queensland (Queenslandpresent) Bonin Islands: present Buru: present Carolines: present Ceram: present Christmas Island: present Flores: present Halmahera: present Kai Islands: present Morotai: present New Britain: present New Ireland: present Palau: present Ryukyu Islands: present S Japan: present Sangi: present Solomon Islands: present Sumbawa: present Talaud Islands: present Ternate: present Truk Islands: present
Sri Lanka, through India and China to S Japan and the Ryukyu Islands and through Thailand to Malesia extending to the Solomon Islands and Australia (Queensland), also in the Bonin Islands, Christmas Island and Cocos Island, and the Carolines (Palau and Truk Islands); in Malesia: Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Java (incl. Christmas Island), Lesser Sunda Islands (Alor, Bali, Flores, Sumbawa), Borneo, Philippines, Celebes (incl. Sangi and Talaud Islands) Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Ternate, Buru, Ceram, Ambon, Kai Islands), New Guinea (incl. New Britain and New Ireland).

Notes

3The species resembles F. pallescens from which it differs in the presence of hairs on the fig wall inside, the usually obtuse acumen of the lamina, and the tertiary venation that runs more clearly parallel to the lateral veins. It also resembles Form C of F. sumatrana which can be distinguished by the fully closed ostiole and the absence of internal hairs. 2The varieties hillii, rigo, and saffordii, recognized by
Corner (), are excluded from the species, as they are almost certainly taxa distinct at the species level; F. rigo occurs in the Malesian region.
1The species is quite variable. In the western part of the Malesian region, it is rather uniform with the lamina elliptic to oblong to subobovate with a cuneate to obtuse base and an acuminate to obtuse apex. The petiole is usually up to 1 cm long, but in the Philippines, Tanimbar Islands, and some of the Lesser Sunda Islands, it is often longer, up to 2 (or 3) cm. The figs are sessile, the upper ostiolar bracts are just not fully imbricate, internal hairs are present, and the tepals are usually partly dark red.

In the eastern part of the region, the lamina is often broadly elliptic to suborbicular and then often with rounded apex and a rounded base (as in E Java, Mindanao (Philippines), Celebes, Moluccas, New Guinea, and also in Australia (Queensland), Bonin Islands, Ryukyu Islands, and Taiwan). Moreover, the lamina is sometimes large, longer than 10 cm long and more than 5 cm broad (in Celebes, Moluccas, Sumbawa, and New Guinea). The figs are in eastern New Guinea (and the Solomon Islands) pedunculate to subsessile with caducous basal bracts (var. naumannii); the receptacles of those in Celebes and the Moluccas are often relatively large, 0.8-1 cm diameter. The upper ostiolar bracts are usually just fully imbricate, the internal hairs often absent (or very sparse), and the tepals are pale. Material with the ± typical shape of the lamina and that with broad laminas are found in the same area and both types of lamina are found in material with pedunculate figs. It is not (yet) possible to disentangle the variation in the eastern part of the range of distribution by distinguishing infraspecific taxa (varieties) and neither to distinguish a western and eastern subspecies.

In the eastern part of the range of distribution the upper ostiolar bracts are mostly fully imbricate, leaving no space in between them.

Citation

Summerh. - in J. Arnold Arbor. 1941: 85
Benth., Fl. Hongk. 1861: 327
Benth. - in Fl. Austral. 1873: 166
Kunth - in Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 1847: 250
Watt - in Dict. Econ. Prod. India. 1890: 360
Merr., Enum. Born. 1921: 226
Diels - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1935: 182
Náves - in Blanco, Fl. Filip.,, ed. 3. 1879: t. 382 (lower left)
F.M. Bailey, Compr. Cat. Qld. Pl. 1913: f. 474
Rehder - in J. Arnold Arbor. 1936: 74
Summerh. - in J. Arnold Arbor. 1941: 86
Benth. - in Fl. Austral. 1873: 170
Náves & Fern.-Vill., Nov. App. 1880: 199
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1960: 397
Miq., Compr. Cat. Qld. Pl. 1913: 486
J.C. Liao, Taxon. Rev. Moraceae Taiwan, ed. 2. 1995: t. 21
King - in Fl. Brit. India. 1888: 180
Koord. - in Atlas Baumart. Java. 1916: t. 732, 733
Campos Porto - in Rodriguesia. 1935: f. 1, 2
H.J.P. Winkl. - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1913: 361
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 345
Domin - in Bibl. Bot. 1921: 563
Condit - in Lasca Leaves. 1958
F.B. Forbes & Hemsl. - in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1899: 466
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 22
auct. non L.: Miq. - in Philipp. J. Sci. 1906: 47
Lam. - in Encycl. 1788: 500
Merr. - in Bull. Bur. For. Philipp. 1903: 18
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 34, 35
Renner - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1907: 382
Trimen - in Fl. Ceyl. 1898: 89
Domin - in Bibl. Bot. 1921: 563
Vreede - in Ann. Bot. Gard. Buitenzorg. 1949: 146
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1887: t. 61, 62
Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 3. 1832: 550
Lauterb. & K. Schum. - in K. Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee. 1900: 274
F.M. Bailey - in Queensl. Fl. 1902: 1469
J.C. Liao, Taxon. Rev. Moraceae Taiwan, ed. 2. 1995: t. 20
M.F. Barrett - in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 1949: 53
Blume - in Rumphia. 1836: 19
F.M. Bailey, Compr. Cat. Qld. Pl. 1913: 486
Corner, Wayside Trees. 1940: t. 207
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 267, 288
Sata - in Contr. Hort. Inst. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1944: 22, 198
Worth., Ceylon Trees. 1959: f. 415
F.M. Bailey - in Queensl. Fl. 1902: 1469
Gagnep. - in Fl. Indo-Chine. 1928: 764
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 335
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java. 1906: 112
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 346
J.C. Liao, Taxon. Rev. Moraceae Taiwan, ed. 2. 1995: t. 22
Willd. - in Sp. Pl. 1806: 1143
J.C. Liao, Taxon. Rev. Moraceae Taiwan, ed. 2. 1995: t. 22
Corner - in Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceyl. 1977: t. 16
de Vriese - in Tuinb. Fl. 1855: 143
Kochummen - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1978: 151
auct. non L.: Miq. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1888: 511
Diels - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1935: 182
Miq. - in London J. Bot. 1847: (sub Urostigma pisiferum Miq.)
Alston, Kandy Fl. 1938: f. 182
auct. non L.: Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: (sub Urostigma)
Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 444
Becc., For. Borneo. 1902: 525
Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins. 1935: 1014
auct. non L.: Miq. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 63
F.M. Bailey - in Queensl. Fl. 1902: 1472
Koord., Versl. Minahassa. 1898: 606
Blume - in Rumphia. 1836: 19, 20
Diels - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1938: 398
Lour., Fl. Coch. 1790: 665