Ficus benghalensis

Primary tabs

Ficus benghalensis

Description

Tree up to 20 (or more) m tall, (in cultivation) terrestrial. internal hairs absent. Leaves spirally arranged; stipules 1.5-3.5 cm long, densely whitish puberulous, caducous. Ovary partly red.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, Indiacultivated
Pakistan and India; widely cultivated, also in Malesia.

Taxonomy

1This species is often confused with F. altissima from which it can be distinguished by the less numerous lateral veins, the rounded apex of the lamina, the shape of the fig receptacle and its indumentum. 2Ficus indica auct. non L. (1753): King, Sp. Ficus 1 (1887) 39, 40 is not F. benghalensis but a mixture of other species.

Citation

Trimen - in Fl. Ceyl. 1898: 86
Gasp. - in Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 1845: 344
Worth., Ceylon Trees. 1959: f. 402
Gasp., Ric. Caprif. 1845: t. 7, f. 14-21
Puri - in J. Roy. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1946: 7
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 14
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1960: 381
Merr. - in J. Arnold Arbor. 1950: 276
L. - in Rev. Handbook Fl. Ceyl. 1977: t. 13
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 34
Anonymous - in Wealth of India. 1956: f. 10
Link - in Enum. Hort. Berol. 1822: 449
Wight - in Ic. 1853: t. 1989
Hook. - in J. Bot. (Hooker). 1841: t. 13, 14
emend. Lam. - in Encycl. 1788: 494
Rock, Orn. Trees Hawaii. 1917: t. 28
Willd. - in Sp. Pl. 1806: 1135
Buch.-Ham. - in Trans. Linn. Soc. 1822: 489
L. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1888: 499
Roxb., Hort. Bengal. 1814: 65
M.F. Barrett - in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 1945: 394
Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 440
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1887: t. 13
Stokes - in Bot. Mat. Med. 1812: 355
L. - in Amoen. 1785: n. 10
G. Karst. & Schenck - in Vegetationsbilder. 1912: t. 19, 20
Renner - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1907: 380
Anonymous - in Wealth of India. 1956: f. 9
Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 3. 1832: 539
Vahl - in Enum. Pl. 1805: 187
Gasp. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 352
C.DC., Bot. Mag. 1906: t. 8092
Sm. - in Rees, Cycl. 14. 1810: Ficus n. 41
Koord. - in Atlas Baumart. Java. 1916: t. 703
Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins. 1935: 1004
Burm.f., Fl. Ind. 1768: 494
Biswas - in Current Sci. 1935: f. 1-3
Watt - in Dict. Econ. Prod. India. 1890: 343
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 285
Gasp. - in Rendiconti Reale Accad. Sci. Fis. 1845: 82
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 331
Kunth - in Enum. Hort. Berol. 1847: Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot.
Miq. - in London J. Bot. 1847: 571
Corner, Wayside Trees. 1940: t. 206
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java. 1906: 60