Archidendron jiringa

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Archidendron jiringa


Shrub or tree, to 21 m high, 60(-90) cm in diameter. Branchlets terete with decurrent ridges from the leaf-scars, light brown, glabrous. Leaves: Inflorescences either ramiflorous below the leaves or axillary at the distal leaves, with scattered hairs in the distal parts, glabrescent, consisting of glomerules aggregated into panicles to 30 cm long; Flowers cream or yellowish white, pentamerous, bisexual. Stamens c. 8-10 mm, tube equalling the corolla-tube. Ovary solitary, glabrous. Seeds dark-brown, orbicular, biconvex. 2.8-3.5 cm in diameter, 1-1.5 cm thick.


Asia-Tropical: Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present), Bangka present, Burma present
Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand; in Malesia: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo.


Seeds contain the toxic djenkol acid, which can be removed after two or three boilings. Used for flavouring food. Pods give a purple dye for silk; bark and leaves used for dyeing black; the leaves are used medicinally (cf. Burkill, Ochse & Bakhuizen, and Heyne,, and Kostermans 1954: 30).


Koord. 1926: 868, 869. – In: Atlas. f. 1156, 1157
Ochse & Bakh. 1925: Ind. Groenten. p 117
Corner 1940 – In: Wayside Trees. p 420
Cockb. 1976 – In: Trees Sabah. 195, 196
Nielsen 1986: p. 218. – In: Fl. Thailand. f. 54
Kosterm. 1966 – In: Adansonia. p 362
Burkill 1935 – In: Diet. p 1761
Ochse & Bakh. 1931: Ind. Groenten, English ed: 425. f. 264
Whitm. 1972 – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. p 286
Hassk. 1844: Tweede Cat. p 291
Miq. 1855 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat. p 32
Backer & Bakh. f. 1963 – In: Fl. Java. p 552
Benth. 1875 – In: Trans. Linn. Soc. p 575
Heyne 1927: Nutt. Pl. Ned. Ind., ed. 2. p 701
Kurz 1876 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng. p 300
auct. non (Roxb.) Benth.: Benth. 1875 – In: Trans. Linn. Soc. p 561