Kohleria

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Kohleria

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Lobe number

2-lobed1
1. 005-006-001-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

orange-red to orange-yellow, with red spots on limb or throat2
2. 005-002-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Shape

funnelform or cylindric3
3. 005-002-002

<<Calyx>Disk>Gland number

usually of 5 free glands or of 3 free and 2 basally united glands4
4. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Disk>Lobe number

5-lobed5
5. 005-005-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma

stigma .6
6. 005-006-001

<<Calyx>Stamens>Anthers

anthers coherent at apices and sides, dehiscing by longitudinal slits,7
7. 005-003-002

<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments

filaments not connate,8
8. 005-003-001

<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae

thecae parallel;9
9. 005-003-003

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla , ;10
10. 005-002

<Calyx>Disk

disc or a ring;11
11. 005-005

<Calyx>Ovary

ovary half-inferior to nearly completely inferior,12
12. 005-006

<Calyx>Relative dimensions

for ca. 1/3 their length13
13. 005-001

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens included to subincluded,14
14. 005-003

<Calyx>Staminodes

staminode present;15
15. 005-004

<Flowers>Bracteoles

bracteoles small, but often caducous;16
16. 004-004

<Flowers>Flower number per inflorescence

1-6(-10)17
17. 004-001

<Flowers>Pedicels

pedicellate.18
18. 004-005

<Flowers>Peduncle

epedunculate or rarely pedunculate;19
19. 004-003

<Flowers>Position

axillary20
20. 004-002

<Fruits>Colour

brown21
21. 006-001

<Fruits>Valve number

2-valved22
22. 006-002

<Fruits>Valves

valves opening slightly.23
23. 006-003

<Habit>Growth form

decumbent to erect24
24. 001-001

Calyx

Calyx lobes connate , rarely free;25
25. 005

Cytology

Chromosome number n=13 (Skog 1984).

Description

Terrestrial or epipetric, caulescent, decumbent to erect herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, with scaly rhizomes. Stems rarely branched. Leaves opposite, rarely ternate, equal to subequal in a pair, venation pinnate, foliar nectaries absent. Flowers 1-6(-10) in axillary fasciculate or cymose inflorescences; epedunculate or rarely pedunculate; bracteoles small, but often caducous; pedicellate. Calyx lobes connate for ca. 1/3 their length, rarely free; corolla orange-red to orange-yellow, with red spots on limb or throat, funnelform or cylindric; stamens included to subincluded, filaments not connate, anthers coherent at apices and sides, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, thecae parallel; staminode present; disc usually of 5 free glands or of 3 free and 2 basally united glands or a 5-lobed ring; ovary half-inferior to nearly completely inferior, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a dry, brown capsule, loculicidally dehiscent, 2-valved, valves opening slightly.

Distribution

Guianas present, Northern America, Southern America: Peru (Peru present), Suriname present
A genus of 17 species ranging from Mexico to Peru and east to Suriname; 1 species in the Guianas.

Flowers

Flowers in fasciculate or cymose inflorescences;26
26. 004

Fruits

Fruit a dry, capsule, loculicidally dehiscent, ,27
27. 006

Habit

Terrestrial or epipetric, caulescent, herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, with scaly rhizomes.28
28. 001

Leaves

Leaves opposite, rarely ternate, equal to subequal in a pair, venation pinnate, foliar nectaries absent.29
29. 003

Notes

In the Botanic Garden in Georgetown also K. tubiflora (Cav.) Hanst. has been cultivated, originally from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela, with a red cylindric corolla.

Stems

Stems rarely branched.30
30. 002

Uses

Species and cultivars of Kohleria are commonly cultivated in temperate parts of the world as ornamentals. Plant parts are used in folk medicine in Andean countries (Kvist 1986).