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<<<Fruiting perianth>Seeds>Cotyledons>Shape

thick and equal1
1. 006-004-001-001

<<Fruiting perianth>Seeds>Cotyledons

cotyledons .2
2. 006-004-001


3. 002-001-001

<<Pistillate inflorescences>Perianth>Lobe number

4. 005-002-002

<<Pistillate inflorescences>Perianth>Shape

5. 005-002-001

<<Pistillate inflorescences>Stigma>Shape

filiform or tongue-shaped6
6. 005-004-002

<<Pistillate inflorescences>Stigma>Stigma number

7. 005-004-001

<<Staminate inflorescences>Stamens>Stamen number

8. 004-003-001

<<Staminate inflorescences>Tepals>Shape

free or connate9
9. 004-002-002

<<Staminate inflorescences>Tepals>Tepal number

10. 004-002-001

<Fruiting perianth>Colour

red or orange11
11. 006-002

<Fruiting perianth>Fruits

fruit adnate to the perianth;12
12. 006-003

<Fruiting perianth>Seeds

seed large, without endosperm,13
13. 006-004

<Fruiting perianth>Texture

14. 006-001


blade entire or pinnately incised, pinnately veined.15
15. 002-002


stipules , free;16
16. 002-001

<Pistillate inflorescences>Ovary

ovary adnate to the perianth or almost free;17
17. 005-003

<Pistillate inflorescences>Perianth

perianth , ;18
18. 005-002

<Pistillate inflorescences>Shape

19. 005-001

<Pistillate inflorescences>Stigma

stigmas , .20
20. 005-004

<Staminate inflorescences>Flowers

flowers indistinct;21
21. 004-001

<Staminate inflorescences>Pistillode

pistillode absent.22
22. 004-004

<Staminate inflorescences>Stamens

stamens ;23
23. 004-003

<Staminate inflorescences>Tepals

tepals , ;24
24. 004-002


Trees or shrubs, dioecious. Leaves alternate and distichous; stipules lateral, free; blade entire or pinnately incised, pinnately veined. Inflorescences in the leaf axils or on leafless branchlets or spurs on the older wood, pedunculate, bracteate. Staminate inflorescences spicate; flowers indistinct; tepals (2-)3-5(-7), free or connate; stamens 1-3; pistillode absent. Pistillate inflorescences capitate or uniflorous; perianth tubular, 4-lobed; ovary adnate to the perianth or almost free; stigmas 2, filiform or tongue-shaped. Fruiting perianth enlarged, fleshy, red or orange; fruit adnate to the perianth; seed large, without endosperm, cotyledons thick and equal.


Guianas present, Neotropics present
Neotropics, 3 species. In the Guianas 2 species.

Fruiting perianth

Fruiting perianth enlarged, , ;25
25. 006


Trees or shrubs, dioecious.26
26. 001


Inflorescences in the leaf axils or on leafless branchlets or spurs on the older wood, pedunculate, bracteate.27
27. 003


Leaves alternate and distichous;28
28. 002

Pistillate inflorescences

Pistillate inflorescences or uniflorous;29
29. 005

Staminate inflorescences

Staminate inflorescences spicate;30
30. 004


Vessels diffuse, solitary (29-50%) and in short multiples and irregular clusters of 2-5, round to slightly oval, in C. racemosa 4-5 per sq. mm, in C. ilicifolia 7-13 per sq. mm, in C. racemosa diameter 145-200 μm and in C. ilicifolia 70-105 μm. Vessel-member length: in C. racemosa 350-400 μm and in C. ilicifolia 310-320 μm. Perforations simple. Intervascular pits alternate, round and polygonal, 6-10 μm. Vessel-ray and vessel- parenchyma pits larger, elongated and irregularly shaped, half-bordered, the borders sometimes reduced. Thin-walled tyloses common. White deposits frequent, orange deposits occasional present.
Rays uniseriate and 3-5-seriate, 4-7 per mm, up to 600-1560 μm high.
Heterogeneous to occasionally almost homogeneous, composed of procumbent cells, except for the uniseriate margins of 1-2 cells of square and/or upright cells. Sheath cells present, but scarce. Rhombic crystals present, more common in C. ilicifolia than in C. racemosa. Radial latex tubes observed in some samples of C. ilicifolia.
Parenchyma vasicentric-aliform with short, and occasionally long wings, but predominantly banded, varying from commonly wavy bands to sometimes concentric bands, 2-6(8) cells wide and 1-3 (4) per mm. Terminal bands occasionally present. Strands of 2-4 cells. Sporadically rhombic crystals do occur.
Fibers non-septate, lumen 6-20 μm, walls 2-4 μm. Pits simple, small, restricted to the radial walls. Gelatinous fibres often present. Length: 960-1315 μm. F/V ratio: 3.8-4.2 in C. ilicifolia and 3.2-3.3 in C. racemosa.
Vitreous silica common in the vessels, but generally scarce.

Wood observation species

C. ilicifolia, C. racemosa