Dimocarpus

Primary tabs

Dimocarpus

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Sepals>Sepal number

5-61
1. 005-001-001-001

<<<Inflorescences>Thyrses>Dichasia>Position

lateral2
2. 004-001-003-001

<<<Seeds>Aril>Texture>Colour

translucent-white3
3. 007-001-001-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Sepals

, imbricate sepals that are connate at base or free4
4. 005-001-001

<<Flowers>Disk>Hairs

pubescent5
5. 005-003-002

<<Flowers>Disk>Lobe number

5-lobed6
6. 005-003-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Carpel number

2(3)-carpellate7
7. 005-005-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Ovule number per carpel

a single ovule per carpel8
8. 005-005-002

<<Flowers>Petals>Petal number

5(6) or wanting9
9. 005-002-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers

anthers dorsifixed;10
10. 005-004-002

<<Flowers>Stamens>Stamen number

(6-) 8 (-10)11
11. 005-004-001

<<Flowers>Style>Growth form

spreading12
12. 005-006-003

<<Flowers>Style>Shape

filiform13
13. 005-006-001

<<Flowers>Style>Stigma number

2-314
14. 005-006-002

<<Fruits>Mericarps>Mericarp number

1(2)15
15. 006-001-001

<<Fruits>Mericarps>Texture

warty, smooth, or spiny16
16. 006-001-002

<<Inflorescences>Thyrses>Dichasia

flowers in dichasia17
17. 004-001-003

<<Inflorescences>Thyrses>Position

distal or less often axillary18
18. 004-001-001

<<Inflorescences>Thyrses>Shape

paniculate19
19. 004-001-002

<<Seeds>Aril>Texture

thin, , fleshy20
20. 007-001-001

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx of ;21
21. 005-001

<Flowers>Disk

disc annular, , ;22
22. 005-003

<Flowers>Ovary

ovary , with ;23
23. 005-005

<Flowers>Petals

petals , without appendages;24
24. 005-002

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens ,25
25. 005-004

<Flowers>Style

style , with stigmatic lobes.26
26. 005-006

<Fruits>Mericarps

indehiscent, or tardily dehiscent, mericarps27
27. 006-001

<Habit>Hairs

with simple or stellate hairs28
28. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Thyrses

, thyrses with29
29. 004-001

<Leaves>Leaflets

leaflets serrate or entire.30
30. 003-002

<Leaves>Rachises

rachis ending in a distal process (rudimentary leaflet);31
31. 003-001

<Seeds>Aril

with a aril around the hilum32
32. 007-001

Description

Trees or shrubs with simple or stellate hairs. Stipules wanting. Leaves alternate, paripinnate, rarely unifoliolate; rachis ending in a distal process (rudimentary leaflet); leaflets serrate or entire. Inflorescences distal or less often axillary, paniculate thyrses with flowers in lateral dichasia. Flowers actinomorphic, functionally unisexual (falsely polygamous); calyx of 5-6, imbricate sepals that are connate at base or free; petals 5(6) or wanting, without appendages; disc annular, 5-lobed, pubescent; stamens (6-) 8 (-10), anthers dorsifixed; ovary 2(3)-carpellate, with a single ovule per carpel; style filiform, with 2-3 stigmatic spreading lobes. Fruits of 1(2) indehiscent, or tardily dehiscent, warty, smooth, or spiny mericarpsSeeds with a thin, translucent-white, fleshy aril around the hilum.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: India present; Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka present), Australasia, Malaysia present, southern and south-eastern Asia present
Six species in southern and south-eastern Asia, from Sri Lanka and India to eastern Malaysia and Australia. Dimocarpus longan Lour. is widely cultivated as the source of the edible fruit Longan.

Flowers

Flowers actinomorphic, functionally unisexual (falsely polygamous);33
33. 005

Fruits

Fruits of34
34. 006

Habit

Trees or shrubs .35
35. 001

Inflorescences

Inflorescences .36
36. 004

Leaves

Leaves alternate, paripinnate, rarely unifoliolate;37
37. 003

Seeds

Seeds .38
38. 007

Stipules

Stipules wanting.39
39. 002