Sinningia incarnata

Primary tabs

Sinningia incarnata


Terrestrial herb or subshrub, to 1 m tall. Stem sappy becoming subwoody, erect, pubescent to villous, especially towards apex. Leaves equal or subequal in a pair; petiole 0.1-4 cm long, villous; blade papyraceous when dry, oblong, obovate, or elliptic, 2.5-9.5 x 1-4 cm, margin crenate, apex acute, base attenuate into petiole or acute, above tomentose, below tomentose. Flowers 1-5, thyrsoid; peduncle very short or lacking, 0-0.2 cm long, pubescent; pedicel 0.5-4 cm long, pubescent to villous. Calyx campanulate, green or reddish, lobes connate at base, tube 0.3-1 cm, free portion of lobes erect, subequal, broadly triangular, 0.4-0.7 x 0.2-0.6 cm, margin entire, apex acute to acuminate, outside and inside pubescent to pilose and glandular; corolla erect in calyx, red or red-orange outside, 2.7-4.6 cm long, tube cylindric, 3-4 cm long, base dorsally gibbous, ca. 0.7 cm wide, middle broader, throat narrowed just below limb, 0.5-0.8 cm wide, outside pubescent to hirsute, inside glabrous, limb 1.2-2.0 cm wide, lobes unequal, upper lobes connate into a hood, erect, ca. 1 x 1 cm, margin entire, lateral lobes erect, rounded to truncate, 0.1-0.3 x 0.3-0.6 cm, margin entire, basal lobes erect, broadly rounded, ca. 0.2 x 0.4-0.6 cm, margin entire; stamens exserted, inserted at base of corolla tube; ovary conic, ca. 0.4 x 0.3 mm, pubescent, style ca. 4 cm long, pubescent to pilose, stigma stomatomorphic. Mature capsule brownish, ovoid, ca. 1 x 0.4-0.7 cm.


Guianas present, Northern America, Southern America: Colombia (Colombia present); Venezuela (Venezuela present), northern Brazil present
Mexico to northern Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas; > 300 specimens studied (GU: 13; SU: 8; FG: 12).

Common Name

English (French Guiana): yawalemo


Collected in flower .


Parker s.n. (K) reports "the plant was used as a cephalic snuff".