Tachia grandiflora

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Tachia grandiflora

Content

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Apex>Shape

acute1
1. 004-001-005-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

11-14 x 3-6 mm2
2. 004-001-003-002

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Shape

ovate3
3. 004-001-003-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Apex>Colour

(with darker-colored tip)4
4. 004-002-006-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Apex>Shape

acuminate5
5. 004-002-006-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lobes>Dimensions

16-20 x 13-16 mm6
6. 004-002-005-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lobes>Shape

orbicular7
7. 004-002-005-001

<<<Flowers>Pistil>Ovary>Dimensions

7-8.5 mm8
8. 004-005-002-001

<<<Flowers>Pistil>Stigma lobes>Dimensions

2.5 x 2 mm9
9. 004-005-004-002

<<<Flowers>Pistil>Stigma lobes>Shape

elliptic10
10. 004-005-004-001

<<<Flowers>Pistil>Style>Length

49 mm11
11. 004-005-003-001

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers>Colour

yellow12
12. 004-003-002-001

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers>Growth form

recurved after anthesis13
13. 004-003-002-004

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers>Length

4-5 mm long14
14. 004-003-002-003

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers>Shape

elliptic15
15. 004-003-002-002

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Filaments>Length

44-48 mm long16
16. 004-003-001-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Apex>Shape

acute to acuminate17
17. 003-002-005-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Shape

attenuate18
18. 003-002-006-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Margins>Shape

flat19
19. 003-002-004-001

<<Branches>Internodes>Length

(2.5-)5-9 cm long20
20. 002-003-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Apex

apex ;21
21. 004-001-005

<<Flowers>Calyx>Colour

yellowish green to green22
22. 004-001-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Dimensions

17-25 x 7-9 mm23
23. 004-001-002

<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes

lobes , ,24
24. 004-001-003

<<Flowers>Calyx>Margins

margin hyaline,25
25. 004-001-004

<<Flowers>Corolla>Apex

apex ;26
26. 004-002-006

<<Flowers>Corolla>Colour

cream, yellow to orange (lobes creme to white)27
27. 004-002-001

<<Flowers>Corolla>Length

67-81 mm long28
28. 004-002-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Lobes

lobes , ,29
29. 004-002-005

<<Flowers>Corolla>Shape

funnel-shaped30
30. 004-002-002

<<Flowers>Corolla>Width

20-27 mm wide at mouth31
31. 004-002-004

<<Flowers>Pistil>Length

43-64 mm long32
32. 004-005-001

<<Flowers>Pistil>Ovary

ovary ,33
33. 004-005-002

<<Flowers>Pistil>Stigma lobes

stigma lobe , .34
34. 004-005-004

<<Flowers>Pistil>Style

style ,35
35. 004-005-003

<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers

anthers , , , ;36
36. 004-003-002

<<Flowers>Stamens>Filaments

filaments , often bent especially close to apex,37
37. 004-003-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Colour

dark brown38
38. 005-005-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Diameter

ca. 1 mm in diam.39
39. 005-005-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Apex

apex ,40
40. 003-002-005

<<Leaves>Blade>Base

base .41
41. 003-002-006

<<Leaves>Blade>Dimensions

8-19 x 3-7.3 cm42
42. 003-002-003

<<Leaves>Blade>Margins

margin ,43
43. 003-002-004

<<Leaves>Blade>Shape

elliptic to slightly obovate44
44. 003-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

membranaceous45
45. 003-002-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

0.7-1.5 cm long46
46. 003-001-001

<Branches>Diameter

up to 0.6 cm in diam.47
47. 002-001

<Branches>Internodes

internodes .48
48. 002-003

<Branches>Shape

terete, hollow, not winged49
49. 002-002

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx , , ridged,50
50. 004-001

<Flowers>Corolla

corolla , , , ,51
51. 004-002

<Flowers>Pistil

pistil ,52
52. 004-005

<Flowers>Pollen

pollen exine reticulate;53
53. 004-004

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens sometimes exserted from corolla mouth,54
54. 004-003

<Fruits>Colour

green when fresh, brown when mature and dry55
55. 005-002

<Fruits>Dimensions

35-39 x 5-8 mm56
56. 005-004

<Fruits>Growth form

erect57
57. 005-001

<Fruits>Seeds

seeds ,58
58. 005-005

<Fruits>Shape

elliptic to ovoid59
59. 005-003

<Habit>Height

up to 4 m high60
60. 001-001

<Leaves>Blade

blade , , ,61
61. 003-002

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole ;62
62. 003-001

Branches

Branches , ;63
63. 002

Common Name

Creole (French Guiana): mahot noir English (Guyana): large-flowered tachia

Description

Shrub, up to 4 m high, sparsely branched. Branches up to 0.6 cm in diam., terete, hollow, not winged; internodes (2.5-)5-9 cm long. Leaves petiolate, arranged along stem; petiole 0.7-1.5 cm long; blade membranaceous, elliptic to slightly obovate, 8-19 x 3-7.3 cm, margin flat, apex acute to acuminate, base attenuate. Flowers solitary, horizontal; calyx yellowish green to green, 17-25 x 7-9 mm, ridged, lobes ovate, 11-14 x 3-6 mm, margin hyaline, apex acute; corolla cream, yellow to orange (lobes creme to white), funnel-shaped, 67-81 mm long, 20-27 mm wide at mouth, lobes orbicular, 16-20 x 13-16 mm, apex acuminate(with darker-colored tip); stamens sometimes exserted from corolla mouth, filaments 44-48 mm long, often bent especially close to apex, anthers yellow, elliptic, 4-5 mm long, recurved after anthesis; pollen exine reticulate; pistil 43-64 mm long, ovary 7-8.5 mm, style 49 mm, stigma lobe elliptic, 2.5 x 2 mm. Fruit erect, green when fresh, brown when mature and dry, elliptic to ovoid, 35-39 x 5-8 mm; seeds dark brown, ca. 1 mm in diam.

Distribution

French Guiana present, Guianas present, Guyana present, Southern America: Brazil North (Amazonas present, Roraima present); Venezuela (Venezuela present), near border with Suriname present
Venezuela, Brazil (Amazonas, Roraima, and near border with Suriname), Guyana, French Guiana; 65 collections studied, of which 23 from the Guianas (GU: 2; FG: 21).

Flowers

Flowers solitary, horizontal;64
64. 004

Fruits

Fruit , , , ;65
65. 005

Habit

Shrub, , sparsely branched.66
66. 001

Individuals Association

Saül, Rte. de Belizon, Acevedo-Rodríguez et al. 4977 idem, de Granville 4443 Saül, La Fumée Mt., Mori & Pennington 18002

Leaves

Leaves petiolate, arranged along stem;67
67. 003

Phenology

Flowering specimens collected in , fruiting specimens in . Each flower only lasts one day.