Strophanthus caudatus

Primary tabs

Strophanthus caudatus

Description

Trailing shrub or climber to 12 m. Branchlets densely lenticellate. Leaves: Inflorescence robust; Sepals puberulent, ciliate, usually ovate, 3-19 by 1.5-6 mm, 1-6.5 times as long as wide, apex acute to acuminate. Stamens inserted at 0.8-2.2 cm from corolla base; Ovaries sparsely and minutely puberulent, 1.3-2.5 mm long; Fruit tapering into an obtuse apex, 10-30 by 1.9-4.8 cm, lenticellate. Seeds 10-25 by 3-4 mm;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Cambodia (Cambodia present); Jawa (Jawa present); Laos (Laos present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present); Vietnam (Vietnam present), Burma present, Papua present
Burma, Thailand, LaosCambodia, Vietnam, in Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea (Papua).

Uses

Traditionally used as an ingredient of arrow poison. Also used locally as a heart stimulant.

Citation

Burkill & M.R. Hend. - in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 1925: 396
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 460
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 442
Boerl. - in Bull. Inst. Bot. Buitenzorg. 1900: 16
Beentje - in Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool Wageningen. 1982: 54
P.T. Li et al. - in Fl. China. 1995: 179
Tsiang & P.T. Li - in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 1977: 155
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 442
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 354
Ridl. - in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1900: 111
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 441
Kurz - in PROSEA. 2001: 522
King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 468
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 240
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 442
Pit. - in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. 1933: 1199
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1993: 36
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 460
Lý - in Feddes Repert. 1986: 636
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1997: 129
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 97
Kessler et al. - in Blumea. 2002: 15
Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 1861: 556