Dicliptera ciliaris

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Dicliptera ciliaris

Content

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Shape>Lobe number

3-lobed1
1. 005-004-006-001-001

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape>Dimensions

8 x 4 mm2
2. 005-004-005-001-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dimensions

0.75 x 0.5 mm3
3. 005-004-007-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Shape

rounded4
4. 005-004-007-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Shape

slightly longer and narrower than upper, at tip5
5. 005-004-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Growth form

erect6
6. 005-004-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Width

1.25 mm wide at base7 2 mm wide apically8
7. 005-004-004-002, 8. 005-004-004-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape

narrowly ovate, , subobtuse9
9. 005-004-005-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments>Hairs

retrorsely and sparingly pilosulous towards base10
10. 005-005-002-002

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments>Shape

flattened11
11. 005-005-002-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Dimensions

1 x 0.5 mm12
12. 005-005-003-001

<<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Lower bracts>Dimensions

10 x 7.5 mm13
13. 004-004-006-001

<<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Margins>Hairs

ciliate with trichomes14
14. 004-004-004-001

<<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Margins>Length

0.75-1 mm long15
15. 004-004-004-002

<<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Upper bracts>Dimensions

12 x 10 mm16
16. 004-004-005-001

<<<Petiole>Blade>Shape>Dimensions

5.5-14 x 2-4 cm17
17. 003-003-001-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

violet or mauve18
18. 005-004-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Hairs

finely and rather densely pilosulous except basal portion19
19. 005-004-003

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

15 mm long20
20. 005-004-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes

lobes , ;21
21. 005-004-007

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip

lower lip ,22
22. 005-004-006

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube , , ,23
23. 005-004-004

<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip

upper lip ,24
24. 005-004-005

<<Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

2.5 x 0.5 mm wide at base25
25. 005-003-002

<<Calyx>Lobes>Shape

narrowly triangular26
26. 005-003-001

<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments

filaments , ,27
27. 005-005-002

<<Calyx>Stamens>Relative distance

exserted 7 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube28
28. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae

anther thecae superposed, .29
29. 005-005-003

<<Capsules>Retinacula>Length

1 mm long30
30. 006-004-001

<<Capsules>Retinacula>Shape

obliquely cucullate and acute31
31. 006-004-002

<<Capsules>Seeds>Colour

dark brown32
32. 006-005-004

<<Capsules>Seeds>Diameter

1.75 mm in diameter33
33. 006-005-002

<<Capsules>Seeds>Shape

suborbicular, flattened34
34. 006-005-001

<<Capsules>Seeds>Thickness

0.5 mm thick35
35. 006-005-003

<<Cymes>Bracteoles>Dimensions

4 x 1.25 mm36
36. 004-005-002

<<Cymes>Bracteoles>Hairs

aristate at apex, hirtellous except glabrous at base37
37. 004-005-003

<<Cymes>Bracteoles>Shape

lanceolate38
38. 004-005-001

<<Cymes>Bracts>Dimensions

3.5 x 0.5 mm wide at base39
39. 004-003-002

<<Cymes>Bracts>Shape

subulate40
40. 004-003-001

<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Hairs

sparingly puberulous, especially veins41
41. 004-004-003

<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Lower bracts

lower ;42
42. 004-004-006

<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Margins

margin of ,43
43. 004-004-004

<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Shape

ovate to suborbiculate, cuspidate-mucronulate at apex, cuneate at base44
44. 004-004-001

<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Upper bracts

upper bract ,45
45. 004-004-005

<<Cymes>Cymule bracts>Vein number

3- to 5-veined46
46. 004-004-002

<<Cymes>Peduncle>Hairs

puberulous47
47. 004-002-003

<<Cymes>Peduncle>Length

2 mm long from base to fork, 5-9 mm long48
48. 004-002-001

<<Cymes>Peduncle>Shape

hexagonal, flattened toward tip, angles acute49
49. 004-002-002

<<Petiole>Blade>Cystoliths

cystoliths prominent and numerous under a lens;50
50. 003-003-003

<<Petiole>Blade>Hairs

both surfaces glabrous51
51. 003-003-002

<<Petiole>Blade>Shape

ovate to oblong, , entire or undulate, slenderly acuminate (tip itself mucronulate), narrowed at base52
52. 003-003-001

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Hairs

puberulous53
53. 003-004-002

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

4-6 pairs54
54. 003-004-001

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla , , ,55
55. 005-004

<Calyx>Hairs

puberulous or glabrous near base, pubescence a mixture of ascending and shorter gland-tipped trichomes56
56. 005-002

<Calyx>Length

3 mm long57
57. 005-001

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes , ;58
58. 005-003

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens ,59
59. 005-005

<Capsules>Dimensions

6 x 3-4 x 1 mm60
60. 006-002

<Capsules>Hairs

densely and retrorsely pilosulous61
61. 006-003

<Capsules>Retinacula

retinacula , ;62
62. 006-004

<Capsules>Seeds

seeds , , , , retrorsely aculeate.63
63. 006-005

<Capsules>Shape

ovoid, flattened64
64. 006-001

<Cymes>Bracteoles

bracteoles , , .65
65. 004-005

<Cymes>Bracts

bracts produced at fork of cyme , ;66
66. 004-003

<Cymes>Cymule bracts

cymule bracts , prominently , ,67
67. 004-004

<Cymes>Part number

3-parted68
68. 004-001

<Cymes>Peduncle

peduncle from fork to base of cymule bracts, , ;69
69. 004-002

<Habit>Height

0-1 m tall70
70. 001-001

<Petiole>Blade

blade thin, , ,71
71. 003-003

<Petiole>Hairs

glabrous or margins of channel puberulous72
72. 003-002

<Petiole>Length

0.5-5 cm long73
73. 003-001

<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins

primary vein and secondary veins () rather obscure, .74
74. 003-004

<Stems>Growth form

erect or ascending75
75. 002-001

<Stems>Hairs

glabrous or upper portion puberulous76
76. 002-003

<Stems>Shape

subhexagonal77
77. 002-002

Calyx

Calyx , ,78
78. 005

Capsules

Capsule , , ,79
79. 006

Cymes

Cymes , usually several in each axil;80
80. 004

Description

Diffuse herb, 0-1 m tall. Stem erect or ascending, subhexagonal, glabrous or upper portion puberulous. Petiole 0.5-5 cm long, glabrous or margins of channel puberulous; blade thin, ovate to oblong, 5.5-14 x 2-4 cm, entire or undulate, slenderly acuminate (tip itself mucronulate), narrowed at base, both surfaces glabrous, cystoliths prominent and numerous under a lens; primary vein and secondary veins (4-6 pairs) rather obscure, puberulous. Cymes 3-parted, usually several in each axil; peduncle 2 mm long from base to fork, 5-9 mm long from fork to base of cymule bracts, hexagonal, flattened toward tip, angles acute, puberulous; bracts produced at fork of cyme subulate, 3.5 x 0.5 mm wide at base; cymule bracts ovate to suborbiculate, cuspidate-mucronulate at apex, cuneate at base, prominently 3- to 5-veined, sparingly puberulous, especially veins, margin ciliate with trichomes of 0.75-1 mm long, upper bract 12 x 10 mm, lower 10 x 7.5 mm; bracteoles lanceolate, 4 x 1.25 mm, aristate at apex, hirtellous except glabrous at base. Calyx 3 mm long, puberulous or glabrous near base, pubescence a mixture of ascending and shorter gland-tipped trichomes, lobes narrowly triangular, 2.5 x 0.5 mm wide at base; corolla violet or mauve, 15 mm long, finely and rather densely pilosulous except basal portion, tube erect, 1.25 mm wide at base, 2 mm wide apically, upper lip narrowly ovate, 8 x 4 mm, subobtuse, lower lip slightly longer and narrower than upper, 3-lobed at tip, lobes 0.75 x 0.5 mm, rounded; stamens exserted 7 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube, filaments flattened, retrorsely and sparingly pilosulous towards base, anther thecae superposed, 1 x 0.5 mm. Capsule ovoid, flattened, 6 x 3-4 x 1 mm, densely and retrorsely pilosulous, retinacula 1 mm long, obliquely cucullate and acute; seeds suborbicular, flattened, 1.75 mm in diameter, 0.5 mm thick, dark brown, retrorsely aculeate.

Distribution

Guianas present, Southern America: Brazil North (Amapá present, Pará present); Brazil Northeast (Bahia present, Ceará present, Pernambuco present)
Guianas and Brazil (Amapá, Pará, Ceará, Pernambuco, Bahia); 20 collections studied (GU: 1; SU: 1; FG: 5).

Habit

Diffuse herb, .81
81. 001

Individuals Association

Iles du Salut, Sagot 439 de Granville 8230 Suriname, Suriname R., Goddo, Stahel Wilhelmina Exp. 12 Guyana, Ro. Schomburgk ser. I, 192

Petiole

Petiole , ;82
82. 003

Phenology

Flowering .

Stems

Stem , , .83
83. 002