Willughbeia edulis

Primary tabs

Willughbeia edulis

Description

Leaves: Inflorescence axillary, sometimes 2 in a single leaf axis, axis mostly shorter than subtending petiole, to 2.8 cm long; Sepals ovate, 1.8-2.7 mm long, lobes 1.1-1.9 by 0.8-1.7 mm, 0.7-2 times as long as wide, apex rounded, rarely acute or obtuse, glabrous, ciliate. Stamens inserted at 1.9-3.3 mm from corolla base which is 0.35-0.73 of tube length; Ovary 0.6-1.4 mm long; Fruit spherical or oval, 1.7-5.8 by 1.2-5.8 cm, yellow or orange. Seeds 6-16 by 4-13 by 3-6 mm.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); Cambodia (Cambodia present); India present; Laos (Laos present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); Thailand (Thailand present); Vietnam (Vietnam present), Burma present, Nicobar Islands present
India (incl. Nicobar Islands), Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, LaosVietnam; in Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore.

Uses

Previously exploited for a poor quality rubber before the widespread use of Hevea brasiliensis. The fruit is edible.

Notes

Masamune (1942) reported this species from Borneo but I have seen no material from there.

Citation

King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 392
Pit. - in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. 1933: 1094
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 423
Burkill & M.R. Hend. - in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 1925: 395
Kurz - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1877: 249
Kurz - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1877: 249
King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 395
D.J. Middleton - in Blumea. 1993: 11
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 423
Hook.f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1882: 623
Roxb. - in PROSEA. 2000: 134
Ridl. - in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1911: 129
Pierre, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris. 1898: 94
Roxb. - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 165
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1973: 414
Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. 1942: 626
Rao - in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 1985: 725
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 323
Wall. - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 165
Wall. - in Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1832: 45
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1997: 130
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 224
M. Gangop. & Chakr. - in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 1992: 56
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Lý - in Feddes Repert. 1986: 420
Blume, Bijdr. 1826: 1024
A.DC. - in Prodr. 1844: 321
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1993: 37
G. Don - in Gen. Hist. 1837: 102
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 20
Roxb. - in Fl. Ind. 1832: 57
A.DC. - in Prodr. 1844: 321
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 391
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 423
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 325
G. Don - in Gen. Hist. 1837: 101