Rauvolfia amsoniifolia

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Rauvolfia amsoniifolia

Description

Shrub or tree 1.5-7(-20) m high. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4; Inflorescence 3-9.5 cm long, in whorls of 2-4(-6), congested, 32-more than 35-flowered; Sepals broadly ovate, 1.1-1.3 by 0.9-1.4 mm, 0.9-1.3 times as long as wide, apex obtuse to rounded. Stamens inserted at 1.9-2.1 mm from base, c. 0.9 of the length of the corolla tube; Fruit bluish black when mature, syncarpous or partly so, broadly ovoid, subglobose or trapezoid, often cleft at the apex, 7-9.2 by 7-10.2 mm, 0.8-1.1 times as long as wide, connate for 0.6-0.9 of fruit length when cleft, distance between apices 2-7.5 mm, apices acute, base thickened, sometimes only 1 carpel developing, glabrous. Seeds 3-5.5 by 2-2.7 mm.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Maluku (Maluku present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present), eastern Lesser Sunda Islands present
Malesia: Philippines, Sulawesi,eastern Lesser Sunda Islands and Moluccas.

Uses

It is used for the treatment of stomach problems, as a laxative and febrifuge and in childbirth.

Citation

Markgr. - in Nova Guinea. 1926: 283
Whitmore et al., Checklist Bali, Nusa Tenggara Timor. 1989: 13
K. Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned.-Ind.,, ed. 2. 1927: 1285
Hemsl. - in Bot. Chall. Exp. 1885: 163
Markgr. - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1927: 188
Merr. - in For. Bur. Bull. 1903: 49
Quisumb., Med. Pl. Philipp. 1951: 736
A.DC. - in Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 1923: 329
Hendrian & D.J. Middleton - in Blumea. 1999: 451
Boerl. - in Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1899: 393
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1984: 162
A.DC. - in PROSEA. 1999: 429
Whitmore & Tantra, Checklist Sulawesi. 1989: 15
Warb. - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1891: 404