Rauvolfia javanica

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Rauvolfia javanica

Description

Tree 3-15 m high. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4; Inflorescence 3-11.5 cm long, in whorls of 3 or 4, usually on the top of a short and robust (leafy) twig, 24-more than 35-flowered; Sepals ovate or subtriangular, 1.6-1.9 by 1.6-1.8 mm, 0.9-1.2 times as long as wide, apex obtuse to rounded, glabrous. Stamens inserted at 1.6-3 mm from the base, 0.6-0.9 of the length of the corolla tube; Fruit black or purplish black when mature, obversely trapezoid, 7-11 by 8.5-15 mm, 0.7-1 times as long as wide; Seeds 5-8.5 by 1.8-2.7 mm.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Jawa (Jawa present); Lesser Sunda Is. present; Sumatera (Sumatera present)
Malesia: Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands.

Uses

Crushed leaves are used externally for the treatment of wounds.

Citation

Hendrian & D.J. Middleton - in Blumea. 1999: 453
Boerl. - in Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1899: 393
Koord. - in Meded. Lands Plantentuin. 1894: 81
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1984: 164
Rendle - in J. Bot. 1925: 67
Koord. - in Exkurs.-Fl. Java. 1912: 74
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 231
Whitmore et al., Checklist Bali, Nusa Tenggara Timor. 1989: 14
Whitmore & Tantra, Checklist Sumatra. 1986: 20
Koord. & Valeton - in PROSEA. 1999: 429
Koord. & Valeton - in Fl. Tjibodas. 1918: 57
Koord.-Schum. - in Syst. Verz. 1912: 174
K. Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned.-Ind.,, ed. 2. 1927: 1285