Justicia monachinoi

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Justicia monachinoi

Content

<<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Shape>Dimensions

1.5 x 1.5 mm1
1. 004-004-006-004-001-001

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Shape

ovate, , apically rounded2
2. 004-004-006-004-001

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes>Dimensions

ca. 2 x 2 mm3
3. 004-004-005-003-001

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape>Lobe number

2-lobed4
4. 004-004-005-002-002

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape>Width

3.5 mm wide at base5
5. 004-004-005-002-001

<<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Connective>Length

1 mm long6
6. 004-005-003-001-001

<<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Lower thecae>Shape

calcarate7
7. 004-005-003-003-001

<<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Spurs>Length

ca. 0.4 mm long8
8. 004-005-003-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Growth form

± spreading9
9. 004-004-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes

lobes ;10
10. 004-004-006-004

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Shape

cuneate11
11. 004-004-006-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Width

5 mm wide at base of lobes12
12. 004-004-006-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Width

1 mm wide at base, 4 mm wide at mouth13
13. 004-004-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Growth form

erect14
14. 004-004-005-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes

lobes ,15
15. 004-004-005-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape

triangular-ovate, , gradually narrowed to tip16
16. 004-004-005-002

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Anthers>Length

2.5 mm long17
17. 004-005-002-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Connective

vertically attached to a , connective18
18. 004-005-003-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Hairs

glabrous19
19. 004-005-003-002

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Lower thecae

lower theca20
20. 004-005-003-003

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae>Spurs

spur , blunt21
21. 004-005-003-004

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Colour

yellowish green22
22. 002-003-004-002

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Hairs

both surfaces glabrous or sparingly and inconspicuously puberulous23
23. 002-003-004-004

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Margin type

entire or undulate24
24. 002-003-004-001

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Shape

acuminate at apex, decurrent on petiole from a rounded base25
25. 002-003-004-003

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

yellow with faint rose on lower lip to creamy white26
26. 004-004-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Hairs

minutely pubescent27
27. 004-004-003

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

9-10 mm long28
28. 004-004-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip

lower lip , , ,29
29. 004-004-006

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube ,30
30. 004-004-004

<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip

upper lip , ,31
31. 004-004-005

<<Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

2.8-3 x 0.5 mm32
32. 004-003-002

<<Calyx>Lobes>Hairs

puberulous and gland-dotted, ciliolate33
33. 004-003-003

<<Calyx>Lobes>Shape

linear-lanceolate34
34. 004-003-001

<<Calyx>Stamens>Anthers

anthers ,35
35. 004-005-002

<<Calyx>Stamens>Relative distance

exserted ca. 2 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube36
36. 004-005-001

<<Calyx>Stamens>Thecae

thecae superposed, , , , .37
37. 004-005-003

<<Capsules>Seeds>Colour

light brown38
38. 005-004-004

<<Capsules>Seeds>Diameter

ca. 1.5 mm in diam.39
39. 005-004-002

<<Capsules>Seeds>Shape

suborbicular40
40. 005-004-001

<<Capsules>Seeds>Texture

tuberculate41
41. 005-004-005

<<Capsules>Seeds>Thickness

0.5 mm thick42
42. 005-004-003

<<Habit>Stems>Hairs

glabrous or sparingly puberulous, trichomes retrorsely curved, subappressed, occasionally gland-tipped43
43. 001-002-002

<<Habit>Stems>Shape

subquadrangular44
44. 001-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Dimensions

0.8 x 0.25 mm45
45. 003-004-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Hairs

puberulous46
46. 003-004-003

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Shape

subulate47
47. 003-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Pedicels>Hairs

puberulous48
48. 003-006-002

<<Inflorescences>Pedicels>Length

0.5-1 mm long49
49. 003-006-001

<<Inflorescences>Rachises and rachillas>Hairs

puberulous, trichomes erect, occasionally gland-tipped50
50. 003-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Ultimate bracts>Dimensions

1 x 0.4 mm51
51. 003-003-002

<<Inflorescences>Ultimate bracts>Hairs

puberulous52
52. 003-003-003

<<Inflorescences>Ultimate bracts>Shape

subulate53
53. 003-003-001

<<Petiole>Blade>Dimensions

6-11 x 3-5.5 cm54
54. 002-003-002

<<Petiole>Blade>Margins

margin , , , ;55
55. 002-003-004

<<Petiole>Blade>Shape

ovate56
56. 002-003-001

<<Petiole>Blade>Texture

membranous57
57. 002-003-003

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Hairs

bearing a few appressed-ascending trichomes, prominent and conspicuous on lower surface58
58. 002-004-002

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

5-6 pairs59
59. 002-004-001

<Calyx>Colour

pale gray-green60
60. 004-002

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla , , ,61
61. 004-004

<Calyx>Lobe number

5-lobed62
62. 004-001

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes , , ;63
63. 004-003

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens ,64
64. 004-005

<Capsules>Dimensions

7.5 x 2.5 x 1.5 mm65
65. 005-002

<Capsules>Hairs

puberulous66
66. 005-003

<Capsules>Seeds

seeds , , , , .67
67. 005-004

<Capsules>Shape

clavate68
68. 005-001

<Habit>Height

to 1.5 m tall69
69. 001-001

<Habit>Stems

stems somewhat branched, , .70
70. 001-002

<Inflorescences>Bracteoles

bracteoles , , ;71
71. 003-004

<Inflorescences>Dimensions

17 x 15 cm72
72. 003-002

<Inflorescences>Pedicels

pedicels , .73
73. 003-006

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal and axillary74
74. 003-001

<Inflorescences>Rachises and rachillas

rachis and rachilla ;75
75. 003-005

<Inflorescences>Ultimate bracts

ultimate bracts , , ;76
76. 003-003

<Petiole>Blade

blade , , ,77
77. 002-003

<Petiole>Hairs

sparingly puberulous78
78. 002-002

<Petiole>Length

1-2.5 cm long79
79. 002-001

<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins

primary vein and secondary veins () .80
80. 002-004

Calyx

Calyx , ,81
81. 004

Capsules

Capsule , , ;82
82. 005

Description

Herb or undershrub to 1.5 m tall; stems somewhat branched, subquadrangular, glabrous or sparingly puberulous, trichomes retrorsely curved, subappressed, occasionally gland-tipped. Petiole 1-2.5 cm long, sparingly puberulous; blade ovate, 6-11 x 3-5.5 cm, membranous, margin entire or undulate, yellowish green, acuminate at apex, decurrent on petiole from a rounded base, both surfaces glabrous or sparingly and inconspicuously puberulous; primary vein and secondary veins (5-6 pairs) bearing a few appressed-ascending trichomes, prominent and conspicuous on lower surface. Inflorescence of terminal and axillary panicles, these forming a large complex inflorescence, 17 x 15 cm; ultimate bracts subulate, 1 x 0.4 mm, puberulous; bracteoles subulate, 0.8 x 0.25 mm, puberulous; rachis and rachilla puberulous, trichomes erect, occasionally gland-tipped; pedicels 0.5-1 mm long, puberulous. Calyx 5-lobed, pale gray-green, lobes linear-lanceolate, 2.8-3 x 0.5 mm, puberulous and gland-dotted, ciliolate; corolla yellow with faint rose on lower lip to creamy white, 9-10 mm long, minutely pubescent, tube 1 mm wide at base, 4 mm wide at mouth, upper lip erect, triangular-ovate, 3.5 mm wide at base, gradually narrowed to 2-lobed tip, lobes ca. 2 x 2 mm, lower lip ± spreading, cuneate, 5 mm wide at base of lobes, lobes ovate, 1.5 x 1.5 mm, apically rounded; stamens exserted ca. 2 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube, anthers 2.5 mm long, thecae superposed, vertically attached to a 1 mm long, connective, glabrous, lower theca calcarate, spur ca. 0.4 mm long, blunt. Capsule clavate, 7.5 x 2.5 x 1.5 mm, puberulous; seeds suborbicular, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., 0.5 mm thick, light brown, tuberculate.

Distribution

Guianas present, Guyana present, Southern America: Venezuela (Venezuela present)
Venezuela and Guyana; rare; 2 collections studied of which 1 from the Guianas (GU: 1).

Habit

Herb or undershrub ;83
83. 001

Individuals Association

Guyana, Rupununi Distr., Kusad Mts., Jansen-Jacobs et al. 2635

Inflorescences

Inflorescence of panicles, these forming a large complex inflorescence, ;84
84. 003

Petiole

Petiole , ;85
85. 002