Myristica gigantea

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Myristica gigantea


Tree 17-40 m. Leaves chartaceous or thinly coriaceous, elliptic-oblong or ± lanceolate, 7-15 by 2-4 cm (to 22 by 8 cm of sapling shoots), base rounded or attenuate, apex rounded, rather blunt, or acute; Inflorescences generally below the leaves, pedunculate, with shaggy hairs (0.2-)0.5-l mm, sometimes glabrescent; Fruits 1 or 2, broadly ovoid, 5-8 by 4.5-5 cm, early or late glabrescent, hairs mealy, 0.2-0.3 mm, persistent at the base;


Asia-Tropical: Borneo present (Sabah present, Sarawak present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), Labuan present, Nunukan present, W, E & NE Kalimantan present
Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, W, E & NE Kalimantan, Labuan, Nunukan).


1 Strange enough, of this apparently fairly common tree, only Scortechini 1949, and one recent collection (Borneo), bear well-developed male flowers. Female flowers have never been collected. 2 Variable in length of the hairs on the sterile leaf bud, either 0.1-0.2 mm only or up to 2 mm long; because of this, M. gigantea appears twice in the keys. Whether this difference has taxonomic implications is not known. 3 Related to M. maingayi, but with smaller inflorescences, flowers and fruits. It reaches a large size as a tree, and is known as the tallest Malayan Myristica. Myristica maingayi has a lower stature, stouter twigs, larger leaves with acute apex, larger male inflorescences and flowers, androecium with sterile apex, and slightly longer glabrescent fruits.


W.J. de Wilde 1997 – In: Blumea: 167
J.Sinclair 1968: p. 343. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing.: 163
Warb. 1897: Mon. Myrist.: 400
J.Sinclair 1958: p. 343. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing.: f. 22
King 2000 – In: Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak: 462