Myristica succedanea

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Myristica succedanea


Tree 8-20 m. Leaves chartaceous or usually (sub)coriaceous, elliptic or oblong, 9-22 by 3.5—10(—12) cm, base narrowly rounded or cuneate, apex acute-acuminate; Inflorescences with hairs 0.1 mm, between the leaves or below, or sometimes in to 5 cm long short-shoots resembling a compound inflorescence, ending in a vegetative leaf bud; male and female inflorescences somewhat as in M. fragrans: Fruits single or paired, rather stout, ovoid-ellipsoid, coarsely wrinkled on drying, 4.5-8 by 3.5-4.5 cm, apex ± blunt or subacute, (usually) glabrescent, hairs scattered, scale-like, 0.1 mm long or less, usually persistent towards the insertion of the stalk;


Asia-Tropical, Bacan present, Ternate present, Tidore present, northern Moluccas present
Malesia: northern Moluccas (Ternate, Tidore, Bacan).


This species is homogeneous, characterized among other species of the M. fragrans-type of inflorescence (M. argentea, M. fragrans, M. impressinervia, partly) by the ± stout twigs and large flowers. It is also somewhat similar to M. pubicarpa from nearby Halmahera and Obi.


Said to be formerly cultivated on a small scale in Halmahera; nuts aromatic.


J.Sinclair 1968: p. 238. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing.: f. 21
K. Heyne 1927: Nutt. pl. Ned. Indië: 647
Warb. 1897: Mon. Myrist: 477: t. 17
K.Heyne 1927: Nutt. pl. Ned. Indie: 647
Blume 1897: Die Muskatnuss: 369: t. 3 f. 8
K. Heyne 1927: Nutt. PL Ned. Indië: 647
Warb. 1897: Mon. Myrist.: 453
Warb. 1892: Ber. Pharm. Ges.: 219
Blume 1897: Mon. Myrist: 474: t. 17
W.J. de Wilde 1990: p. 255. – In: Blumea: f. 2: 15, 3f, 4
W.J. de Wilde 1997: p. 255. – In: Blumea: 185
Scheff. 1876 – In: Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg: 46