Myristica philippensis

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Myristica philippensis


Tree 6-15 m. Leaves chartaceous or thinly coriaceous, (obovate-oblong or) elliptic-oblong, or oblong-lanceolate, 15-45(-50) by 5—14(—15) cm, base cuneate or (broadly) rounded, apex acute (with ± blunt tip) or acute-acuminate; Inflorescences pedunculate, between the leaves or below, or frequently axillary to (fallen) reduced leaves at the twig apex, with shaggy rusty hairs 1-2 mm; Fruits usually solitary (seemingly more-fruited in aggregated inflorescences), broadly ellipsoid, (4-)5-8 by 3-4.5 cm, hairs dense, rust-coloured, ± mealy, 0.3-0.5 mm, sometimes ± glabrescent;


Asia-Tropical: India cultivated, Calcutta cultivated, Madagascar cultivated, Martinique cultivated, Mauritius cultivated, Palawan absent, throughout the Philippines present
Cultivated in Mauritius, Madagascar, Martinique, and India (Calcutta); Malesia:throughout the Philippines (except Palawan); no recent collections known.


Inflorescences of M. philippinensis appear frequently before the leaves, probably in relation to the seasonal climate in the Philippines, and are often axillary to reduced leaves and somewhat crowded at the apex of the twigs, with a vegetative bud at the end, reminiscent of a compound apical inflorescence. The species is distinguishable by its stout habit, paniculate inflorescences, and glabrescent leaves.


1879: 3. 69, 70
A. DC 1856 – In: Prodr. p 193
A.DC 1886: Rev. PL Vase. Filip. p 221
Lam. 1923 – In: Enum. Philipp. Flow. PL. p 179
Fern.-VilL 1880: Nov. App. p 178
Miq. 1858 – In: FI. Ind. Bat. p 72
1845. 462, 463
Vent, ex A.DC 1856 – In: Prodr. p 192
Fern.-VilL 1880: Nov. App. p 177
Merr. 1906 – In: Philipp. J. Sci. p 55
Vidal 1885: Phan. Cuming. p 139
Miq. 1858 – In: FI. Ind. Bat. p 61
J. Sinclair 1968: p. 138. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing. f. 3, 4
A.DC 1856 – In: Prodr. p 207
Warb. 1897: Mon. Myrist: 386. t. 12
Lam. 1797 – In: Encycl. Méth. Bot. p 387
A.DC 1856 – In: Prodr. p 207
W. J. de Wilde 1997 – In: Blumea. p 179
Vidal 1883: FI. For. Fil. Atlas
Lam. 1918: Sp. Blanc. p 151